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Subspecialties Cornea / Ocular Surface, Business and Innovation, Health Economics and Policy, Practice Management

To (Pre)Serve and Protect

Herpes simplex virus (HSV) can be the most difficult corneal infectious disease to diagnose and manage despite its prevalence: at least 90 percent of the world’s population is infected with latent HSV-1 by the age of 60 (1). Herpetic keratitis (HK) is surprisingly common – in fact, it is the leading cause of corneal disease and blindness in humans worldwide (1). HSV keratitis is recurrent and, if not treated effectively and in a timely manner, can result in corneal nerve damage, which could lead to neurotrophic keratopathy with persistent epithelial defects. Untreated HSV keratitis can also contribute to the development of corneal scarring, corneal melting, potential corneal perforation, and permanent vision loss (2).

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About the Author

Marjan Farid

Director of Cornea, Cataract, and Refractive Surgery, Vice-Chair of Ophthalmic Faculty and Clinical Professor of Ophthalmology, Gavin Herbert Eye Institute, University of California, Irvine, USA.

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