Tales of the Unexpected
Factitious disorder in ophthalmology – a psychiatrist’s perspective
Marc Feldman |
The term “Munchausen syndrome” originates from the storybook character created by Rudolph Erich Raspe, which was based on a real 18th century Prussian cavalry officer, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Freiherr (Baron) von Munchhausen. Throughout his adventures, Baron Munchausen performs incredible feats and goes on amazing journeys; he travels to the moon, rides on a cannonball, and saves himself from drowning by pulling on his own hair...
The term was coined by physician Richard Asher in 1951, who said: “Like the famous Baron von Munchausen, the persons affected have always travelled widely; and their stories, like those attributed to him, are both dramatic and untruthful. Accordingly, the syndrome is respectfully dedicated to the baron, and named after him.”
Case Study 1: Factitious Deafblindness
Case Study 2 – Factitious Keratoconjunctivitis
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