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Business & Profession Neuro-ophthalmology, Other

Tales of the Unexpected

The term “Munchausen syndrome” originates from the storybook character created by Rudolph Erich Raspe, which was based on a real 18th century Prussian cavalry officer, Karl Friedrich Hieronymus, Freiherr (Baron) von Munchhausen. Throughout his adventures, Baron Munchausen performs incredible feats and goes on amazing journeys; he travels to the moon, rides on a cannonball, and saves himself from drowning by pulling on his own hair...

The term was coined by physician Richard Asher in 1951, who said: “Like the famous Baron von Munchausen, the persons affected have always travelled widely; and their stories, like those attributed to him, are both dramatic and untruthful. Accordingly, the syndrome is respectfully dedicated to the baron, and named after him.”

Case Study 1: Factitious Deafblindness

Case Study 2 – Factitious Keratoconjunctivitis

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About the Author

Marc Feldman

Marc Feldman is Clinical Professor of Psychiatry and Adjunct Professor of Psychology at the University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, Alabama, USA. A Distinguished Fellow of the American Psychiatric Association, Feldman is the author of more than 100 peer reviewed articles in the professional literature. He is an international expert on factitious disorder, Munchausen syndrome, Munchausen by proxy, and malingering – and has authored four books on the subject.

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